BOOKS & MANUSCRIPTS
B1: Laurus LeslaeanaThe first published genealogy of the Leslies, compiled by William Aloysius Leslie, 3rd son of Alexander, 14th Baron of Balquhain, born in Scotland 1641. Ordained in France and subsequently joined the Jesuits in Rome. In 1675 he wrote 'A life of St Margaret, Queen of Scotland' and later devoted his time to research and writing. In 1692 he published the 'Laurus' in Graz (Austria) with the help of his elder brother, James, who succeeded Count Walter Leslie and to whom the work is dedicated. In 1694 he was sent to Scotland as a missionary where he remained until he died in 1704.
B2: Historical Records of the Family of LeslieBy Col. Charles Leslie, K.H., 26th Baron of Balquhain. Published in 3 volumes, privately, in Edinburgh 1869.
The Colonel married twice, his second wife succeeding her brother as the Countess of Newburgh in her own right. After a distinguished army career he retired as a colonel in the Grenadier Guards and devoted his time to the compilation of the 3 volumes of The Historical Records of the Family of Leslie, tracing the family history from 1067 to 1868. The work was published in 1869, the year he died.
B3. The National Covenant, 1638.The Scottish Covenant of 1638: The Confession of Faith.(Duns Castle copy).
Written on vellum, approx 25 x 30ins, with over 100 signatures beginning with Rothes, Montrose, Cassillis, Wemyss, Home, Lindesay, Lothian, Meluill etc. also signed by Arthur Erskin and other lairds.
"written be Johne Trotter nottar publict"
Subscribers to this and a subsequent document, The Solemn League and Covenant 1643, were to become known as the 'Covenanters'.
B4. The Duke's Charter 1680.A Royal Charter of 1680 granted by Charles ll to John, 7th Earl of Rothes creating him Duke of Rothes, Marquis of Ballinbreich, Earl of Leslie, Viscount Lugtoun, Lord Auchmuchtie and Caskieberrie. These titles were conferred on him and his heirs male only. The Duke had no sons so when he died the dukedom died with him, however he had previously obtained a Charter, 1660, enabling the earldom title to be passed through the female line on condition that the lady and her husband assume the name and Arms of Leslie. The Duke died in 1681 and his elder daughter, Margaret, became The Countess of Rothes in her own right.
B5. Royal License 1817.1817 Royal Licence for George Gwyther, husband of Henrietta Anne, now Countess of Rothes in her own right, granting him the right to assume the name and Arms of Leslie under the terms of the Charter of 1660. He became George Leslie and 'differenced' the Leslie Arms by adding a 'Canton Ermine' to the Arms and a red rose to the breast of the demi-griffin of the Crest. He also displayed the Arms of the Earl of Rothes surmounted by an Earl's coronet in the centre of his Arms. These 'differences' were for him only, any children would revert to the 'undifferenced' Arms.
B6. Royal License 1862.1862 Royal Licence for the Hon. George Waldegrave, husband of Henrietta Anderson Morshead, now Countess of Rothes in her own right, granting him the right to assume the name and Arms of Leslie under the Charter of 1660. He became George Waldegrave-Leslie and again 'differenced' the Leslie Arms by the addition of a 'Canton Ermine' and a red rose on the Crest, the 'differences' again being for him only. A Canton derives from the French word 'corner' and is a small square generally placed - Dexter Chief - top left hand corner. Often used to indicate a particular reason for the Arms.
B7. Royal License 1886.1886 Royal Licence for Martin Edward Haworth, husband of Mary Elizabeth, now Countess of Rothes in her own right, granting him the right to assume the name and Arms of Leslie under the Charter of 1660. He became Martin Edward Haworth Leslie and again 'differenced' the Leslie Arms with a 'Canton Ermine' and in addition he added a blue 'Cross Crosslet' to the Canton and to the Crest. The Cross Crosslet is one of over a hundred styles of cross formed by adding transverse pieces to each member of a plain cross.
B8. Pair of Gloves.A presentation pair of kid-leather gloves in a velvet covered case, made for George lV's visit to Edinburgh 1822, to fulfill the obligation under an earlier Charter of 1398.
"Charter under the Great Seal by King Robert the Third to his cousin George of Leslie and Elizabeth his spouse, the King's niece heritably, the Barony of Fythkill in the Shire of Fife, to be held by the said George and Elizabeth and their lawful children which failing the nearest and lawful heirs of the said George whatsoever, of His Majesty and his heirs in fee and heritage for ever giving to His Majesty and his heirs for said Barony yearly upon Whitsunday at the Market Cross of Cupar one pair of gloves.
This Charter is dated at Perth the 5th of February in the ninth year of the King's Reign which is the year 1398 and the witness thereto are Walter, Bishop of St. Andrews, Gilbert, Bishop of Aberdeen and Lord Chancellor, David, Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick, Steuart of Scotland. The King's eldest son, Robert, Duke of Albany, Earl of Fife and Montieth, The King's brother, Archibald, Earl of Douglas, Lord of Galloway, James Douglas, Lord of Dalkieth and Thomas Erskine, the King's cousins."
B9. Arms of Lisley Earle of RothoisWatercolour on paper. 13 x 8 1/2ins.
Coat of Arms probably copied from an ancient document. Meticulously painted but very inaccurate. Inscription on the reverse refers to Norman, son of George 4th Earl of Rothes, who was implicated in the murder of Cardinal Beaton and later died in France 1554. This original could not be old enough to be contempory.
B10. 1831 Summons to King William lV's Coronation13 x 8ins. Handwritten, signed by the Earl Marshal with the King's signature at the head.
Summons addressed to Charlotte Julia, second wife of George William, 13th Earl of Rothes, to the Coronation of William lV on September 8th 1831. Charlotte's husband had died in 1817 so she was now the Dowager Countess.
The summons reads:
Right Trusty and Right Wellbeloved Cousin - We greet you well. Whereas the eighth day of September next is appointed for the Royal Solemnity of Our and the Queen's Coronation. These are to will and Command you (all excuses set apart) to make your personal attendance on Us at the time above mentioned furnished and appointed as to your Rank and Quality appertaineth, there to do and perform all such services as shall be required and belong unto you. Whereof you are not to fail. And so We bid you most heartily farewell.
Given at our Court at St James's the second day of August 1831, in the second year of Our Reign.
By His Majesty's Command.
B11. 1838 Summons to Queen Victoria's Coronation13 x 8ins. Printed copperplate, signed by the Earl Marshal with Queen Victoria's signature at the head.
Summons dated 9th May 1838, addressed to Charlotte Julia, widow of 13th Earl, to the Coronation of Queen Victoria on 28th June 1838.
Text of summons as above.
B12. 1902 Invitation to King Edward Vll's Coronation10 x 8 1/2ins. Printed form with printed Earl Marshal's signature.
Invitation to Lady Mildred Leslie (sister of 19th Earl) to attend Westminster Abbey for the Coronation of King Edward Vll and Queen Alexandra. Curt text stating: 'By Command of the King the Earl Marshal is directed to invite ... be present at the Abbey Church of Westminster on 26th June 1902.'
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